Judgement, Judging
κρίσις (krisis)48

A critical period of time, decisive moment, turning point [cf. Arthur P. Adams, Judgment, 1885; Jack E. Jacobson, The Concept of Circularity, page 36].

The Greek word krisis is where we get our English word “crisis.” The American Heritage Dictionary defines “crisis” as “a crucial or decisive point or situation; a turning point.” Thus, divine judgment is the Divine Crisis in God’s creation. It is not punitive, but remedial – the Divine Corrective (kolasis) – the righting of all wrongs. It is the glorious and welcomed process of Divine Justice (dikaiosunē). Hence, krisis is the divinely appointed “turning point,” leading toward God’s unmovable purpose of being “All in all” (I Corinthians 15:28).

Don’t be amazed at this, for the hour is coming, when all who are in the graves will hear His voice, and will come out; those who have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and those who have done evil, unto the resurrection of judging (John 5:28-29, BSV).


חַי (chay)502

ζωή (zōē)134

Life is the opposite of death. Whatever is alive is not dead; whatever is dead is not alive.

Life is the breath of God into His creation. Man is the union of “the dust of the ground” (body) and “the breath of life” (spirit), resulting in a “living soul” (body + spirit = soul). Thus, regarding man and animals, the word “life” is associated with the Hebrew and Greek words for “breath” (נֶפֶשׁ, nephesh[1]; ψυχή, psuchē[2]) throughout Scripture.

The Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul (Genesis 2:7).

Forming is Yahweh Elohim the human of soil from the ground, and He is blowing into his nostrils the breath of the living, and becoming is the human a living soul (Concordant).

For in Him we live, and move, and have our being (Acts 17:28).

For in Him we are living and moving and are (Concordant).

For in Him we live and we are moved and we are (Dabhar).

See also: Death, Soul



מָוֶת (mâveth)155

θάνατος (thanatos)119

Death is the cessation of life. It is the opposite of life, and not life in some other form or place.

Man is the union of “the dust of the ground” (body) and “the breath of life” (spirit), resulting in a “living soul” (body + spirit = soul). Death is the reversal of this process. The removal of breath from the body results in death (body minus spirit = death). It is likened to “sleep.”

lest I should sleep in death [מָוֶת (mâveth)] (Psalm 13:3, CLV).

… He said unto them, “Our friend Lazarus sleeps” … Howbeit Jesus spoke of his death [θάνατος (thanatos)]: but they thought that He had spoken of taking of rest in sleep. Then said Jesus unto them plainly, “Lazarus is dead” (John 11:11-14).

See also: Life, Soul


ἀπόστολος (apostolos)81

“Apostle” is the transliteration of the Greek word apostolos, being a non-ecclesiastical word meaning “commissioner,” “delegate,” “messenger,” “envoy” or “emissary.”[1]

Apostolos is from apo, a preposition meaning “from” (indicating origin), and stellō, a verb meaning “to send”; thus meaning “to send from [another].”[2] Its verb form, apostellō, is defined as: to “set apart, that is (by implication), to send out (properly on a mission).”[3]

Apostolos refers to one commissioned with authority, i.e., an “emissary[4] – a designated agent sent on a special diplomatic mission to represent and advance the interests of another.[5]

The Lord Jesus Christ is the emissary (“apostle”) of the Father (Hebrews 3:1; cf. John 20:21), Who in turn, during His earthly ministry, chose twelve of His “disciples” as His emissaries (“apostles;” cf. Matthew 10). Later, after His resurrection and ascension “up on high” “far above all Heavens” (Ephesians 4:8-13), He called Paul to be the principle emissary (“apostle”) to the nations (Romans 11:13),[6] with the accompanying “signs of an apostle” (II Corinthians 12:12). … the evangel of which I was appointed a herald and an apostle and a teacher of the nations (II Timothy 1:11, CV).

[1]Apostolos is defined as:

  • One sent, messenger, ambassador, envoy. – A Critical Lexicon and Concordance (E.W. Bullinger)
  • A delegate; specifically an ambassador … officially a commissioner. – Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance
  • A delegate, messenger, one sent forth with orders. – Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon
  • A messenger, ambassador, envoy. – Liddell–Scott–Jones Greek-English Lexicon
  • Concordant Keyword Concordance;
  • One sent forth with a mission (or: an ambassador or emissary …). – Jonathan Mitchell New Testament

[2]An Analytical Analysis, Volume 1, “Apostle” (Charles H. Welch).

[3]Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance.

[4]The Message.

[5]Emissary is defined as:

  • One designated as the agent of anotherMerriam-Webster Dictionary
  • A person sent on a special mission, usually as a diplomatic representative. – Oxford Dictionary
  • An agent sent on a mission to represent or advance the interests of another. – American Heritage Dictionary
  • Someone who does a job for a government or a leader, especially someone who delivers a message for them. – Macmillian Dictionary

[6]Along with Barnabas (Acts 14:4, 14), Andronicus and Junias (Romans 16:7), Silvanus and Timothy (I Thessalonians 1:1; 2:6).

A Comparison of a Few Insightful Greek Word Translations

Ephesians Chapter 1

Verse Greek Word[1] KJV Concordant Dabhar
:1 hagios saints saints holy ones
pistos faithful believers faithing
:3 epouranios heavenly places celestials heavenlies
:4 eklegomai chosen chooses outchose
katabolē Foundation disruption downcast
amōmos without blame flawless immaculate[2]
:5 proorizō Predestinated designating us beforehand forseeing
uihothesia adoption of children the place of a son son-setting
:7 apolutrōsis redemption deliverance unloosening
aphesis forgiveness forgiveness unloosening
:8 perisseuō Abounded lavishes Abounded
:11 klēroō obtained an inheritance lot was cast belotted
:12 proelpizō first trusted pre-expectant pre-expectancy
:13 sōtēria Salvation salvation saveguarding
:22 ecclēsia Church ecclesia Outcalled

[1] Only the first observed occurrences in the chapter.
[2] Used in the marginal footnote.


ἄφεσις (aphesis)

A compound word: “from-letting” [Concordant Keyword Concordance]) meaning “freedom.” Ultimate freedom from sin is far more than the traditional “forgiveness” or “pardon.” These are rooted in guilt. The followers of religion seek to obtain forgiveness through some means – concerted effort, confessions, prayers, penance, resolutions, etc. What Paul taught went well beyond “forgiveness.” The revelation given to him involved “justification,” which instead of being rooted in guilt, is rooted in righteousness.


ἐκκλησία (ekklēsia, or ecclesia)80

The Greek word often translated as “church” in most English versions is ἐκκλησία (ekklēsia, or ecclesia). The word is a compound word meaning “called-out” (ek = “out”; klēsi = “called”). The ecclesia is God’s “called-out” ones. The ecclesia is not a building or denomination; not a meeting, or doctrinal creed; it is not somewhere we go, or something we do – it is who we as believers are.